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Limiting Azure permissions#

Hopsworks.ai requires a set of permissions to be able to manage resources in the user’s Azure resource group. By default, these permissions are set to easily allow a wide range of different configurations and allow us to automate as many steps as possible. While we ensure to never access resources we shouldn’t, we do understand that this might not be enough for your organization or security policy. This guide explains how to lock down access permissions following the IT security policy principle of least privilege.

Limiting the cross-account role permissions#

Step 1: Create a virtual network and subnet#

To restrict Hopsworks.ai from having write and delete access on virtual networks and subnet you need to create them manually. This can be achieved in the Azure portal following this guide: Create a virtual network. Make sure to use the resource group and location in which you intend to deploy your Hopsworks cluster. For the remaining of the configuration, the default options proposed by the portal should work out of the box. Note the names of the virtual network and subnet you want to use for the following steps.

Step 2: Create a network security group#

To restrict Hopsworks.ai from having write and delete access on network security groups you need to create it manually. This can be achieved in the Azure portal following this guide: Create a network security group. Make sure to use the resource group and location in which you intend to deploy your Hopsworks cluster.

For Hopsworks.ai to create the SSL certificates the network security group needs to allow inbound traffic on port 80. For this, you need to add an inbound security rule to your network security group. This can be achieved in the Azure portal following this guide: Create a security rule. Setting the destination port ranges to 80 and letting the default values for the other fields should work out of the box.

Note

If you intend to use the managed users option on your Hopsworks cluster you should also add a rule to open port 443.

Step 3: Set permissions of the cross-account role#

During the account setup for Hopsworks.ai, you were asked to create create a custom role for your resource group. Edit this role in the Azure portal by going to your resource group, clicking on Access control (IAM), opening the tab Roles, searching for the role you created, clicking on the three dots at the end of the role line and clicking on edit. You can then navigate to the JSON tab and overwrite the "action" field with the following:

"actions": [
    "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/write",
      "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/start/action",
      "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/powerOff/action",
      "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/restart/action",
      "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/delete",
      "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/read",
    "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/deallocate/action",
    "Microsoft.Compute/disks/write",
    "Microsoft.Compute/disks/delete",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/join/action",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/write",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/delete",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/join/action",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/defaultSecurityRules/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/securityRules/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/securityRules/write",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/securityRules/delete",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/join/action",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/write",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/delete",
    "Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/subnets/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/subnets/join/action",
    "Microsoft.Resources/subscriptions/resourceGroups/read",
    "Microsoft.Compute/sshPublicKeys/read",
    "Microsoft.ManagedIdentity/userAssignedIdentities/assign/action",
    "Microsoft.ManagedIdentity/userAssignedIdentities/read",
    "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/read",
    "Microsoft.Compute/snapshots/write",
    "Microsoft.Compute/snapshots/read",
    "Microsoft.Compute/snapshots/delete",
    "Microsoft.Compute/disks/beginGetAccess/action",
    "Microsoft.Compute/disks/read"

  ]

Step 4: Create your Hopsworks instance#

You can now create a new Hopsworks instance in Hopsworks.ai by selecting the virtual network, subnet, and network security group during the instance configuration.

Backup permissions#

The following permissions are only needed for the backup feature:

"actions": [
    "Microsoft.Compute/snapshots/write",
    "Microsoft.Compute/snapshots/read",
    "Microsoft.Compute/snapshots/delete",
    "Microsoft.Compute/disks/beginGetAccess/action",
  ]

If you are not going to create backups or if you do not have access to this Enterprise feature, you can further limit the permission of the cross-account role to the following:

"actions": [
    "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/write",
      "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/start/action",
      "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/powerOff/action",
      "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/restart/action",
      "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/delete",
      "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/read",
    "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/deallocate/action",
    "Microsoft.Compute/disks/write",
    "Microsoft.Compute/disks/delete",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/join/action",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/write",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/delete",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/join/action",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/defaultSecurityRules/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/securityRules/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/securityRules/write",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/securityRules/delete",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/join/action",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/write",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/delete",
    "Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/subnets/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/subnets/join/action",
    "Microsoft.Resources/subscriptions/resourceGroups/read",
    "Microsoft.Compute/sshPublicKeys/read",
    "Microsoft.ManagedIdentity/userAssignedIdentities/assign/action",
    "Microsoft.ManagedIdentity/userAssignedIdentities/read",
    "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/read",
  ]

Public IP Addresses permissions#

The following permissions are used to create and attach a public IP Address to the head node. If you do not want to use a public IP Address for the head node, you can remove them:

"actions": [
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/join/action",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/read",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/write",
    "Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/delete",
  ]
You then have to make sure that you uncheck the Attach Public IP check box in the Security Group section of the cluster creation:

Attach Public IP
Attach Public IP

Other removable permissions#

The following permissions are used to let you close and open ports on your cluster from hopswork.ai, you can remove them if you do not want to open ports on your cluster or if you want to manually open ports in Azure.

  "actions": [
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/securityRules/write",
    "Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/securityRules/delete",
  ]

The following permission is only needed to select the Azure Storage account through a drop-down during cluster creation. You can remove it from the cross-account role and enter the value manually

"actions": [
    "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/read",
  ]

Limiting the User Assigned Managed Identity permissions#

Backups#

If you do not intend to take backups or if you do not have access to this Enterprise feature you can remove the permissions that are only used by the backup feature when configuring your managed identity storage permissions. For this remove the following actions from your user assigned managed identity:

  "actions": [
    "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/blobServices/write"
  ]

Upgrades#

If you do not intend to upgrade your cluster to newer versions of Hopsworks, then you can remove the permissions required for upgrade from the custom role that you have created here. For this remove the following actions from your custom role:

  "actions": [
    "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/read",
    "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/write",
    "Microsoft.Compute/disks/read",
    "Microsoft.Compute/disks/write"
  ]